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GASP: References

Application/Validation

Joseph Schetz, Brian Earp, Reece Neel, "Convective Heat Flux Measurement Validation and Qualification ", AIAA Paper No. 2012-3013, 2012.

Stan Bouslog, Brian Anderson, Evgeny Titov, Deborah Levin, R. Kumar, Reece Neel, "Simulation of Heat Loads on the CEV Orion Compression Pads During Reentry", AIAA Paper No. 2011-3320, 2011.

Titov, E., Levin, D., Picetti, D., and Anderson, B., "Thermal Protection System Crack Growth Simulation Using Advanced Grid Morphing Techniques", Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer ' Vol. 24, No. 4, Oct-Dec 2010.

Neel, R, McGrory, W., Schetz, J, Langone, K, and Bermudez, L., "Passive Flow Control to Mitigate Attitude Control Motor Jet Interaction Effects", AIAA Paper No. 2009-4179, June 2009. (PDF)

Hosder, S. and Maddalena, L., "Efficient Uncertainty Quantification for the Design of a Supersonic Pressure Probe", AIAA Paper No. 2009-2285, May 2009.

Marineau, E. and Hornung, H, "Modeling and Calibration of Fast-Response Coaxial Heat Flux Gages", AIAA Paper No. 2009-737, AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Jan 2009.

Viti, V., Neel, R., Schetz, J, "Detailed Flow Physics of the Supersonic Jet Interaction Flow Field", Physics of Fluids, Vol. 21, April, 2009. (PDF)

Dyakonov, A., Glass, C., Desau, P. and Norman, J., "Analysis Of Effectiveness Of Phoenix Entry Reaction Control System", AIAA Paper No. 2008-7220, AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference and Exhibit August 2008, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Schetz, J, Maddalena L, Throckmorton, R. and Neel, R., "Complex Wall Injector Array for Scramjet Combustors", AIAA Paper No. 2008-0105, Jan 2008.

Maddalena L, Schetz, J., and Neel, R., "Vortex Interactions with a Jet in a Supersonic Crossflow", AIAA Paper No. 2008-0762, Jan 2008.

Marineau, E., Schetz, J., and Neel, R. "Computational and Experimental Investigation of Supersonic Convection over a Laser Heated Target", AIAA Paper No. 2007-4147, June 2007. (PDF)

Titov, E., Zhong, J., Levin, D., and Picetti, D., "Simulation of Crack Growth Due to Carbon Oxidation in High-Temperature Gas Environments", AIAA Paper No. 2007-4469, June 2007.

Marineau, E., Schetz, J., and Neel, R. "Turbulent Navier-Stokes Simulations of Heat Transfer with Complex Wall Temperature Variations", AIAA Paper No. 2006-3087, June 2006. (PDF) (also in Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, Vol 21, No 3)

Wilkes, J.A., Glass, C.E., Danehy, P.M., and Nowak, R.J. "Fluorescence Imaging of Underexpanded Jets and Comparison with CFD", AIAA Paper No. 2006-0910, January 2006.

Neel, R., Godrey, A., and McGrory W. "Low-Speed, Time-Accurate Validation of GASP Version 4", AIAA Paper No. 2005-0686, January 2005. (PDF)

Campioli, T. L., Schetz, J., and Neel, R. "Assessment of Incompressible Formulations for Numerical Solutions of Unsteady Turbulent Flows over Bluff Bodies", AIAA Paper No. 2005-1359, January 2005. (PDF)

Viti, V., Schetz, J., and Neel, R. "Comparison of First and Second Order Turbulence Models for a Jet/3D Ramp Combination in Supersonic Flow", AIAA Paper No. 2005-1100, January 2005. (PDF)

Hosder, S., Schetz, J., Grossman, B, and Mason, W. "Airframe Noise Modeling Appropriate for Multidisciplinary Design and Optimization", AIAA Paper No. 2004-0698, January 2004.

Neel, R., Godfrey, A., and Slack, D. "Turbulence Model Validation in GASP Version 4", AIAA Paper No. 2003-3740, June 2003. (PDF)

Viti, V., Schetz, J., and Neel, R., "Numerical Studies of the Jet Interaction Flowfield with a Main Jet and an Array of Smaller Jets", ICAS Paper No. 2002-4.7.1, 23rd International Congress of Aeronautical Sciences, Sept 2002. (PDF)

Gaiddon, A. and Knight, D. D., "Aerodynamic Optimizationof the Aeropropulsive System of a Ramjet Powered Missile", AIAA Paper No. 2002-5546, Sept 2002.

McDaniel, J., Glass, C., Staack, D., and MIller, C. "Experimental and Computational Comparison of an Underexpanded Jet Flowfield", AIAA Paper No. 2002-0305, January 2002.

Hall, L. H. "Rolling Airframe Missile Aerodynamic Predictions Using A Chimera Approach for Dithering Canards", AIAA Paper No. 2002-0405, January 2002.

Steffen, C. J. Jr, "Response Surface Modeling of Combined-Cycle Propulsion Components Using Computational Fluid Dynamics", AIAA Paper No. 2002-0542, January 2002.

Water Condensation/COIL References

Eppard, M., McGrory, W., and Applebaum, M. "The Effects of Water-Vapor Condensation and Surface Catalysis on COIL Performance", AIAA Paper No. 2002-2132, May 2002. (PDF)

Eppard, W. M., McGrory, W. D., Godfrey, A. G., Cliff, E. M., and Borggaard, J. T.,"Recent Advances in Numerical Techniques for the Design and Analysis of COIL Systems", AIAA Paper No. 2000-2576, June 2000.

Masuda, W., Satoh, M., and Yamada, H., "Effects of Water Vapor Condensation on the Performance of Supersonic Flow Chemical Oxygen-Iodine Laser", JSME Int. J., Vol 39, No 2., pp273-279, 1996.

Perrell, E., Candler, G., and Erickson, W., "Computation of Hypersonic Flows with Finite Rate Condensation and Evaporation of Water", AIAA Paper 93-0796, Jan 1993.

Perrell, E., Erickson, W, and Candler, G., "Numerical Simulation of Nonequilibrium Condensation in a Hypersonic Wind Tunnel", Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, Vol. 10, No. 2, 1996.

Application-Oriented References (Pre Version 4)

Silvester, T.; Morgan, R. and Jacobs, P., "Skin Friction Measurements in a Duct in the X3 Superorbital Expansion Tube", AIAA Paper 2004-3551.

Silvester, T. and Morgan, R., "Computational Hypervelocity Aerodynamics of a Caret Waverider", AIAA Paper 2004-3848.

Alexeenko, A.; Gimelshein, S.; Collins, R.; and Levin, D., "Numerical Modeling of Axisymmetric and Three-Dimensional Flows in MEMS Nozzles", AIAA Journal, Vol. 40, No. 5, 2002.

Alexeenko, A. A.; Gimelshein, N. E.; Levin, D. A.; Colllins, R. J.; Candler, G. V.; Gimelshein, S. F.; Hong, J. S.; and Schilling, T. "Modeling of Flow and Radiation in the Atlas Plume", Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, January-March 2002, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 50-57

M.S. Ivanov, G.N. Markelov, A.D. Ketsdever, D.C. Wadsworth "Numerical Study of Cold Gas Micronozzle Flows", AIAA Paper No. 99-0166, January 1999.

T. Hsieh, "Analysis of the Scaling Effects for Missile Configuration with Lateral Thruster", AIAA Paper No. 99-0810, January 1999.

M. A. Robinson, "Application of CFD to BMDO J1 Risk Mitigation: External Burning", AIAA Paper No. 99-0803, January 1999.

K. Numbers, Capt. C. Chenault, M. Hagenmaier, R. Hawkins, and E. Marin, "CFD Investigation of the HySet Inlet", 35th JANNAF Combustion Subcommittee/Propulsion Systems Hazards Subcommittee/ Airbreathing Propulsion Subcommittee Joint Meeting, 1998.

D. A. Ault and R. P. Roger, "Dual-Combustion RamJet Inlet Development Status and Plans," JANAF, Fall 1998.

Y. Yamamoto, "Numerical Analysis of Hypersonic Aerodynamics for Atmospheric Re-Entry Problems of HOPE and HYFLEX", AIAA Paper No. 98-0277, January 1998.

R. P. Roger and S. C. Chan, "Parameters Affecting Penetration of a Single Jet Into a Supersonic Crossflow: A CFD Study - II", AIAA Paper No. 98-0425, January 1998.

Ruf. J. H. and McConnaughey, P. K., "A Numerical Analysis of a Three Dimensional Aerospike," AIAA Paper No. 97-3217, 1997.

Zha, G-C.; Knight, D.; Smith, D.; and Haas, M.; "Numerical Simulation of HSCT Inlet Operability with the Angle of Attack:", AIAA Paper No. 97-2761, Thirty-Third AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, July 1997.

Shukla, V.; Gelsey, A.; Schwabacher, M.; Smith, D.; and Knight, D.; "Automated Design Optimization for the P2 and P8 Hypersonic Inlets", Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 34, No. 2, March-April 1997.

Praharaj, S. C.; Roger, R. P.; Chan, S. C.; and Brooks, W.B.; "CFD Computations to Scale Jet Interaction Effects from Tunnel to Flight," AIAA Paper No. 97-0406, Thirty-Fifth Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Reno, NV January 1997.

Nedungadi, A.; and Lewis, J.; "A Numerical Study of Fuel Mixing Enhancement Using Oblique Shock/Vortex Interactions", AIAA Paper No. 96-2920, AIAA Joint Propulsion Conference, Orlando, FL, July 1996. Accepted for publication, AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power, February 1997.

Sabean, J.; and Lewis, M.; "Performance Optimization of a SCRAM Projectile Flying in an External Propulsion Accelerator", AIAA Paper No. 96-2950, AIAA/SAE/ASME/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, Orlando, FL, July 1996. Accepted for publication, AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power, February 1997.

Knill, D. L.; Balavanov. V.; Grossman, B.; Mason, W. H.; and Haftka, R.T., "Certification of a CFD Code for High-Speed Civil Transport Design Optimization", AIAA Paper No. 96-0330, Thirty-Fourth Aerospace Sciences Meeting & Exhibit, January 1996.

Zha, G.-C.; Smith, D.; Schwabacher, M.; Rasheed, K.; Gelsey, A.; Knight, D.; and Haas, M.; "High Performance Supersonic Missle Inlet Design Using Automated Optimization", AIAA Paper No. 96-4142, Sixth AIAA/NASA/ ISSMO Symposium on Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization, 1996.

Shukla, V.; Gelsey, A.; Schwabacher, M.; Smith, D.; and Knight, D.; "Automated Resign of the NASA P8 Hypersonic Inlet Using Numerical Optimization, AIAA Paper No. 96-2549, Thirty-Second AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, July 1996.

Praharaj, S. C.; and Roger, R. P.; "Aerodynamic Computations of Integrated Missile-on-Sled Vehicles," AIAA Paper No. 96-0290, Thirty-Fourth Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, January 1996.

Takashima, N.; and Lewis, M. J.; "Optimized Mission-Oriented Waverider Vehicles with Base Closure", AIAA Paper No. 96-0810, 34th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting in Reno, NV, January 1996.

Nadungadi, A.; and Lewis, M. J.; "Computational Study of Three-Dimensional Shock-Vortex Interaction", AIAA Journal of Aircraft, Volume 34, No. 12, December 1996.

Magazu, H.; Lewis, M. J.; and Akin, D. L.; "Aerothermodynamic Calculations on a Parashield Reentry Vehicle", submitted to AIAA Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, June 1996.

Lewis, M. J.; "Inverse Hypersonic Design for Spaceflight Applications", ISTS 96-f-22v, invited presentation at the 20th International Symposium on Space Technology and Science and the 12th IAS, May 1996, Gifu, Japan.

Takashima, J.; and Lewis, J.; "Engine-Airframe Integration on Osculating-Cone Waverider-Based Vehicle Designs", AIAA Paper No. 96-2551, AIAA/SAE/ASME/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, Orlando, FL, July 1996.

Nedungadi, A.; and Lewis, M.; "A Numerical Study of Fuel Mixing Enhancement using Oblique Shock/Vortex Interactions", AIAA Paper No. 96-2920, AIAA/SAE/ASME/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, Orlando, FL, July 1996.

Sabean, J.; and Lewis, J.; "Performance Optimization of a SCRAM Projectile Flying an an External Propulsion Accelerator", AIAA Paper No. 96-2950, AIAA/SAE/ASME/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, Orlando, FL, July 1996.

Takashima, N.; Lewis, M. J.; and Lockwood, M. K.; "Waverider Configuration Development for the Dual Fuel Vehicle", AIAA Paper No. 96-4593, 7th AIAA International Spaceplanes and Hypersonics Systems and Technologies Conference, Norfolk, VA, November 1996.

Praharj, S. C. and Roger, R. P., "Effects of Interference Between a Missile and the Front Face of a Separating Booster," AIAA Paper No. 95-0332, Thirty-Third Aerospace Sciences Meeting, January 1995.

Ebrahimi, H. B., "CFD Validation and Evaluation for Reacting Flows, Part III," AIAA Paper No. 94-0735, Thirty-Third Aerospace Sciences Meeting, January 1995.

Cockrell, C. E.; Huebner, L. D.; and Finley, D. B., "Aerodynamic Performance and Flowfield Characteristics of Two Waverider-Derived Hypersonic Cruise Configurations", AIAA Paper No. 95-0736, Thirty-Third Aerospace Sciences Meeting, January 1995.

Hsieh, T.; Priolo, F. J.; Wardlaw, A. B.; and Van Dyken, R., "Navier-Stokes Calculation of Flow Over a Complete Missile to 60 Degree Incidence", AIAA Paper No. 95-0760, Thirty-Third Aerospace Sciences Meeting, January 1995.

Sekar, B., "Three Dimensional Computation of Parallel and Non-Parallel Injection in Supersonic Flow", AIAA Paper No. 95-0886, Thirty-Third Aerospace Sciences Meeting, January 1995.

Vu, B.; Ruf, J; Canabal, F.; and Brunty, J., "Ascent Aerodynamic Pressure Distributions on WB001", Thirteenth Workshop on CFD Applications in Rocket Propulsion, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, April 1995.

Ruf, J., "Assessment of Lifting Body Linear Aerospike Plume Effects on Vehicle Aerodynamics", Thirteenth Workshop on CFD Applications in Rocket Propulsion, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, April 1995.

Reske, E. and Lin, J. Y., "CFD Flow Analysis and Code Validation for the MSFC Eight-Percent ASRM Cold Flow Model, Part II," Thirteenth Workshop on CFD Applications in Rocket Propulsion, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, April 1995.

Venkatapathy, E., AIAA Paper No. 95-6067, International Aerospace Planes and Hypersonic Technologies Conference, April 1995.

Olynick, D. and Henline, W., "Numerical Benchmarks for Navier-Stokes Heating Calculations on Access-to-Space Vehicles", AIAA Paper No. 95-2078, AIAA Thirtieth Thermophysics Conferences, June 1995.

Henline, W.; Palmer, G.; Milos, F.; and Olynick, D., "Aerothermodynamic Heating Analysis and Heatshield Design of an SSTO Rocket Vehicle for Access-to-Space", AIAA Paper No. 95-2079, AIAA Thirtieth Thermophysics Conference, June 1995.

Palmer, G.; Henline, W.; Olynick, D.; and Milos, F., "A Heating Analysis and Thermal Protection System Sizing of a Lifting Body Single-Stage-to-Orbit Vehicle", AIAA Paper No. 95-2080, AIAA Thirtieth Thermophysics Conference, June 1995.

Lumpkin, F. E., III; Le Beau, G. J.; and Stuart, P. C., "A CFD/DSMC Analysis of Plumes and Plume Impingement During Shuttle/Mir Docking", AIAA Paper No. 95-2034, AIAA Thirtieth Thermophysics Conference, June 1995.

Chen, Y. K; Henline, W. D.; Olynick, D. R.; and Palmer, G. E., "Three-Dimensional Hypersonic Flowfields and Heating Analysis Over DC-3 Vehicle", AIAA Paper No. 95-2081, AIAA Thirtieth Thermophysics Conference, June 1995.

Haas, B. L. and Venkatapathy, E., "Mars Pathfinder Computations Including Base-Heating Predictions", AIAA Paper No. 95-2086, AIAA Thirtieth Thermophysics Conference, June 1995.

Ebrahimi, H., "CFD Validation and Evaluation for Reacting Flows, Part III", AIAA Paper No. 95-0735, Thirty-ThirdAerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, January 1995.

Hagenmaier, M. A. and Sekar, B., "A Numerical Study of Alternate Scramjet Fuel Injectors Using Time-Marching and Space-Marching Navier Stokes Methods", AIAA Paper No. 95-2473, Thirty-First AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, January 1995.

Takashima, N.; and Lewis, M. J.; "A Cone-Wedge Waverider Configuration for Engine-Airframe Integration", AIAA Journal of Aircraft, Volume 32, No. 5, pp. 1142-44, September-October 1995.

Rom, J.; Lewis, M.; Gupta, A.; Sabean, J.; and Nusca, M.; Kruxzynski, D.; "Investigations of the Combustion Induced by a Step on a Projectile Flying at Hypersonic Speed in the External Propulsion Accelerator", AIAA Paper No. 95-0259, 33rd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting in Reno, NV, January 1995.

Takashima, N.; and Lewis, M.; "Powered Hypersonic Waverider Vehicles Optimized with Mission-Oriented Constraints", AIAA Paper No. 95-0846, 33rd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting in Reno, NV, January 1995.

Rom, J.; Lewis, M.; Gupta, A.; and Sabean, J.; "Hypersonic Aerodynamics Test Facility Using the External Propulsion Accelerator", AIAA Paper No. 95-6138, AIAA Aerospace Planes and Hypersonic Technology Conference, Chattanooga, TN, April 1995.

Rom, J.; Nusca, M.; Kruczynski, D.; Lewis, J.; Gupta, A.; Sabean, J.; "Investigation of the Performance of Projectiles Flying at Hypersonic Speed in the External Propulsion Accelerator", presented at the 15th International Symposium on Ballistics, Jerusalem, Israel, May 1995.

Nedungadi, A.; and Lewis, M.; "Computational Study of Three-Dimensional Shock/Vortex Interaction", AIAA Paper No. 95-2770, 31st AIAA/SAE/ ASME/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, San Diego, CA, July 1995.

Sabean, J.; and Lewis, M.; "Thrust Optimization of a Projectile Flying at Hypersonic Speeds in an External Propulsion Accelerator", ASME FED-Volume 232, p. 69-74, presented at the 1995 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, San Francisco, CA, November 1995.

Cox, S. K.; Fuller, R. P.; Schetz, J. A.; and Walters, R. W., "Vortical Interactions Generated by an Injector Array to Enhance Mixing in Supersonic Flow", AIAA Paper No. 94-0708, Thirty-Second Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, January 1994.

Ebrahimi, H., "CFD Validation and Evaluation for Combustor and Nozzle Flow, Part II", AIAA Paper No. 94-0025, Thirty-Second Aerospace Sciences Meeting & Exhibit, January 1994.

Ebrahimi, H. B., "CFD Validation and Evaluation for Combustor and Nozzle Flow, Part II", AIAA Paper No. 94-0025, Thirty-Second Aerospace Sciences Meeting, January 1994.

Cox, S. K., Fuller, R. P., Schetz, J. A., and Walters, R. W., "Vortical Interactions Generated by an Injector Array to Enhance Mixing in Supersonic Flow", AIAA Paper No. 94-0078, Thirty-Second Aerospace Sciences Meeting, January 1994.

Glawe, D. D.; Donbar, J. M.; Nejad, A. S.; Sekar, B.; Chen, T. H.; Samimy, M.; and Driscoll, J. F., "Parallel Fuel Injection from the Base of an Extended Strut into Supersonic Flow," AIAA Paper No. 94-0711, Thirty-Second Aerospace Sciences Meeting, January 1994.

Chan, S. C.; Praharaj, S. C.; and Roger, R. P.; "A Parametric CFD Study to Provide Pre-Wind Tunnel Test Predictions for a Cooled IR Dome on a Supersonic Missile Configuration", AIAA Paper presented at the 34th Annual AIAA/BMDO Interceptor Technology Conference, San Diego, CA, July 1994.

Takashima, N.; and Lewis, M. J.; "Navier Stokes computations of Hypersonic Viscous Optimized Waveriders", AIAA Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, Volume 31, Number 3, May-June 1994, pp. 383-391.

Takashima, N.; and Lewis, M.; "Waverider Configurations Based on Non-Axisymmetric Flow Fields for Engine Airframe Integration", AIAA Paper No. 94-0380, AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting in Reno, NV, January 1994.

Praharaj, S. C.; Landers, M.; and Roger, R. P.; "Base Flow Aerothermal Computations for a Missile with Axisymmetric and Canted Nozzles", AIAA Paper No. 93-2816, 28th Thermophysics Conference, Orlando, FL, 1993.

Burnett, D.; and Lewis, M.; "A Reevaluation of the Waverider Design Process", AIAA Paper No. 93-0404, AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Reno, NV, January 1993.

Elmquist, A. R., "Evaluation of a CFD Code for Analysis of Normal-Shock Trains." AIAA Paper No. 93-0292, Thirty-First Aerospace Sciences Meeting, January 1993.

Mekkes, G. L., "Computational Analysis of Hypersonic Shock Wave/Wall Jet Interaction." AIAA Paper No. 93-0604, Thirty-First Aerospace Sciences Meeting, January 1993.

Vitt, P. H.; Riggins, D. W.; and McClinton, C. R., "The Validation and Application of Numerical Modeling to Supersonic Mixing and Reaction Flows." AIAA Paper No. 93-0606, Thirty-First Aerospace Sciences Meeting, January 1993.

Jentink, T. N., "An Evaluation of Nozzle Relaminarization Using Low Reynolds Number k-e Turbulence Models." AIAA Paper No. 93-0610, Thirty-First Aerospace Sciences Meeting, January 1993.

Tatum, K. E. and Huebner, L. D., "A Preliminary CFD Study of Angle-of-Attack Effects on a Powered Hypersonic Model." NASP Contractor Report 1154, April 1993.

Huebner, L. D. and Tatum, K. E., "CFD Code Calibration and Inlet-Fairing Effects on a Three-Dimensional Hypersonic Powered-Simulation Model." AIAA Paper No. 93-3041, Twenty-Fourth AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference, July 1993.

Chen, Y. and Henline, W., "Chemical Non-Equilibrium Navier-Stokes Solutions for Hypersonic Flow Over an Abating Graphite Nosetip." AIAA Paper No. 93-2836, Twenty-Eighth AIAA Thermophysics Conference, July 1993.

Moore, F. G., "State-of-the-Art Engineering Aeroprediction Methods with Emphasis on New Semiempirical Techniques for Predicting Nonlinear Aerodynamics on Complete Missile Configurations", NSWCDD/TR-93/551, November, 1993.

Tatum, K. E.; and Huebner, L. D., "3D Computational Studies on the Effects of Exhaust Simulation and Wing/Inlet Configurations for Powered Hypersonic Wind Tunnel Models." Presented at the 1992 NASP Mid-Term Technology Review, Monterey, CA, April 21-24, 1992. Paper No. 286.

Mekkes, Gregory L., "A Comparison of Two Algebraic Turbulence Models Applied to Hypersonic Shock Wave/Film Interaction." NASP CR 1133, May 1992.

Garrett, J. L. and Syed, S. A., "Application of Computational Fluid Dynamics to the Design of the Space Transportation Main Engine Subscale Nozzle." AIAA Paper No. 92-3225, AIAA Twenty-Eighth Joint Propulsion Conference, July 1992.

Tatum, K. E.; Huebner, L. D.; and Witte, D. W., "Computational Study of the Use of Simulant Gas in Powered Hypersonic, Airbreathing Models." NASP TP-1007, September 1992.

Huebner, L. D., "Computational Flowfields for Static Testing of Powered Hypersonic Aftbody Models." Accepted for publication as AIAA Journal of Aircraft Engineering Note.

Huebner, L. D.; and Tatum, K. E., "Computational Effects of Inlet Representation on Powered Hypersonic, Airbreathing Models." Accepted for publication as AIAA Journal of Aircraft Engineering Note.

McGrory, W. D.; Huebner, L. D., Slack, D. C.; and Walters, R. W., "Development and Application of GASP 2.0." AIAA Paper No. 92-5067, Fourth International Aerospace Planes Conference, December 1992.

Walters, R. W., "Status of NASA’s Navier-Stokes Chemistry Codes and Future Developments," Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Meeting of the Center for Turbomachinery and Propulsion Research, April 1991.

Huebner, L. D., "Computational and Experimental Aftbody Flow Fields for Hypersonic, Airbreathing Configurations with Scramjet Exhaust Flow Simulation." Presented at the AIAA Twenty-Second Fluid Dynamics, Plasma Dynamics and Lasers Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, June 24-26, 1991. AIAA Paper No. 91-1709.

Jentink, Thomas N., "CFD Code Validation for Nozzle Flow Fields", AIAA Paper No. 91-2565, Presented at the Joint Propulsion Conference, Sacramento, CA.

Cockrell, C. E., Jr.; and Huebner, L. D., "Generic Hypersonic Inlet Module Analysis". Presented at the Ninth AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference, Baltimore, MD, September 23-26, 1991. AIAA Paper No. 91-3209.

Fuller, E. J.; and Walters, R. W., "Navier-Stokes Calculations for 3D Gaseous Fuel Injection with Data Comparisons", AIAA Paper No. 91-5072, December 1991.

McClinton, Charles R., "Combustion/Nozzle-Aftbody CFD Applications". Paper No. 45, Eighth NASP Symposium, Monterey, California, March 1990.

Tatum, K. E.; Monta, W. J.; Witte, D. W.; and Walters, R. W., "Analysis of Generic Scramjet External Nozzle Flowfields Employing Simulant Gases". Presented at the AIAA Second International Aerospace Planes Conference, Orlando, Florida, October 29-31, 1990. AIAA Paper No. 90-5242.

Jentink, Thomas N., "CFD Code Validation for Nozzle Aftbody Flowfields." Paper No. 124, Ninth NASP Symposium, December 1990.

Haynes, D. A.; Huebner, L. D.; and Blair, A. B., Jr., "Computational Refinement of the LaRC Test Technique Demonstrator Forebody with Experimental Verification (U)." Presented at the Sixth National Aero-Space Plane Technology Symposium, Monterey, California, April 24-28, 1989. Paper No. 20, NASP CP-6034, vol. 1, pp. 27-46.

Huebner, L. D., "Computational Investigation of LaRC Test Technique Demonstrator Reentry Configuration (U)." Presented at the Seventh National Aero-Space Plane Technology Symposium, Cleveland, Ohio, October 23-27, 1989. Paper No. 36. NASP CP-7040, vol. 1, pp. 153-174.

Woods, W. C.; Huebner, L. D.; and Everhart, J. L., "Measured and Predicted Pressure Distributions on the Langley Test Technique Demonstrator at M=20 in Helium (U)." Presented at the Seventh National Aero-Space Plane Technology Symposium, Cleveland, Ohio, October 23-27, 1989. Paper No. 33. NASP CP-7040, vol. 1, pp. 65-91.

Design-Oriented References

Appel, J.; Cliff, E.; Gunsburger, M.; and Godfrey, A., "Optimization-Based Design in High-Speed Flows", CFD for Design and Optimization Proceedings, ASME, New York, 1995, pages 61-28.

Knill, D.; Balabanov, V.; Golovidov, O.; Grossman, B.; Mason, W.; Haftka, R.; and Watson, L.; "Accuracy of Aerodynamic Predictions and Its Effects on Supersonic Transport Design", MAD Report 96-12-01, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1996.

Algorithm-Oriented References

Weiss J. M., and Smith, W. A., "Preconditioning Applied to Variable and Constant Density Flows". AIAA J. 33, No. 11, pp. 2050-2057, Nov 1995.

Thomas J. L., and Walters, R. W., "Upwind Relaxation Algorithms for the Navier-Stokes Equations". AIAA J. 25, No. 4, pp. 527-531, April 1987; also AIAA Paper 85-1501-CP, 1985.

Walters, R. W. and Dwoyer, D. L., "Efficient Solutions to the Euler Equations for Supersonic Flow with Embedded Subsonic Regions". NASA TP-2523, January 1987.

Newsome, R. W.; Walters, R. W.; and Thomas, J. L., "An Efficient Iteration Strategy for Upwind Relaxation Solutions to the Thin-Layer Navier-Stokes Equations". AIAA J. 27, No. 9, pp. 1165-1166, September 1989; also AIAA Paper 87-1113-CP, June 1987.

Thomas, J. L.; Walters, R. W.; Van Leer, B.; and Anderson, W. K., "Implicit Finite-Volume Algorithms for the Flux-Split Euler Equations", Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics, 1989.

Grossman, B.; and Walters, R. W., "Flux Split Algorithms for the Multi-Dimensional Euler Equations with Real Gases", Computers and Fluids 17, No. 1, pp. 99-112, 1989.

Grossman, B.; and Walters, R. W., "An Analysis of Flux-Split Algorithms for Euler’s Equations with Real Gases", AIAA J. 27, No. 5, pp. 524-531, May 1989.

Walters, R. W.; Cinnella, P.; and Slack, D. C., "A Status Report on GASP - A General Aerodynamic Simulation Program", 7th National Aero-Space Plane Symposium, Paper No. 9, October 1989.

Walters, R. W., Cinnella, P.; and Slack, D. C., "Characteristic-Based Algorithms for Flows in Thermo-Chemical Non-Equilibrium", AIAA J. 30, No. 5, pp. 1304-1313, May, 1992; also AIAA Paper No. 90-0393, January 1990.

Walters, R. W.; Cinnella, P.; and Slack, D. C., "Code Enhancements and Validation of GASP," 8th National Aero-Space Plane Symposium, Paper No. 44, March 1990.

Walters, R. W., "GASP - A Production Level Navier-Stokes Code Including Finite-Rate Chemistry", Proceedings of the 4th Annual Meeting of the Center for Turbomachinery and Propulsion Research, April 1990.

Thomas, J. L.; Van Leer, B.; and Walters, R. W., "Implicit Flux Split Schemes for the Euler Equations", AIAA J. 28, No. 6, pp. 973-974, June 1990.

A User’s Guide to GASPand Ocean Engineering, Virginia, Department of Aerospace Polytechnic Institute and State University, November 1990.

Walters, R. W., "Evolution of the Upwind Chemistry Code - GASP", 10th National Aero-Space Plane Symposium, Paper No. 146, April 1991.

Godfrey, A. G.; Walters, R. W.; and Van Leer, B., "Preconditioning for the Navier-Stokes Equations with Finite-Rate Chemistry." AIAA 93-0535, 31st AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, January 1993.

Turbulence Model References

Coakley, T. J., "Turbulence Modeling Methods for the Compressible Navier-Stokes Equations", AIAA 16th Fluid and Plasma Dynamics Conference, Danvers, MA, July 1983.

Brankovic, A; and Stowers, S. T., "Review of Low Reynolds Number Turbulence Models for Complex Internal Separated Flows", AIAA/ ASME/SAE/ASEE 24th Joint Propulsion Conference, Boston, MA, July 1988.

Wilcox, D. C., Turbulence Modeling for CFD, Second Edition, July 1998.

Spalart, P. R. and Allmaras, S. R., "A One Equation Turbulence Model for Aerodynamic Flows", La Recherche Aerospatiale, No. 1, pp. 5-21, 1994.

Chemistry Model References

Svehla, Roger A., "Transport Coefficients for the NASA Lewis Chemical Equilbrium Program", NASA TM-4647, April 1995.

Glass, I. I. and Takano, A., "Non-Equilibrium Expansion Flows of Dissociated Oxygen and Ionized Argon Around a Corner", Progress in Aerospace Sciences, Vol. 6, 1965.

Kang, S. W. and Dunn, M. G., "Theoretical and Measured Electron-Density Distributions for the RAM Vehicle at High Altitudes," AIAA Paper No. 72-689, 1972.

Igra, O. and Barcessat, M., "Supersonic, Non-Equilibrium Corner Expansion Flow of Ionized Argon", The Physics of Fluids, Vol. 20, No. 9, 1977.

Evans, J. S. and Scheznayder, C. J., Jr., "Influence of Chemical Kinetics and Unmixedness on Burning in Supersonic Hydrogen Flames", AIAA Journal, Vol. 18, No. 2, 1979.

Drummond, J. P.; Rogers, R. C.; and Hussaini, M. Y., "A Detailed Numerical Model of a Supersonic Reacting Mixing Layer".

Rogers, R. C. and Chinitz, W., "Using a Global Hydrogen-Air Combustion Model in Turbulent Reacting Flow Calculations," AIAA Journal, Vol. 21, No. 4, 1983.

Park, C., "On Convergence of Computation of Chemically Reacting Flows", AIAA Paper No. 85-0247, 1985.

Drummond, J. P.; Hussaini, M. J.; and Zang, T. A., "Spectral Methods for Modeling Supersonic Chemically Reacting Flowfields", AIAA Journal, Vol. 24, No. 9. 1986.

Sample Case References

Holden, M. S. and Moselle, J. R., "Theoretical and Experimental Studies of the Shock Wave -Boundary Layer Interaction on Compression Surfaces in Hypersonic Flow", ARL 70-0002, January 1970.

West, J. E. and Korkegi, R. H., "Supersonic Interaction in the Corner of Intersecting Wedges at High Reynolds Numbers", AIAA Journal, Vol. 10, No. 5, May 1972.

Townsend, J. C.; Howell, D. T,; Collins, I. K.; and Hayes, C., "Surface Pressure Data on a Series of Analytic Forebodies at Mach Numbers from 1.70 to 4.50 and Combined Angles of Attack and Sideslip", NASA Technical Memorandum 80062, June 1979.